Human beings spend at least one third of their lifetime sleeping. Sleep is very important for both psychological and physiological health. Sleep pattern changes throughout lifetime. At a younger age children sleep for longer duration for approximately about 8 to 10 hours a day. Good sleep directly helps in the growth of the child.
Characteristics of good sleep
A good sleep is characterized by low saccadic movement of the eye, and reduced muscular tension which is usually seen in the stages 3 and 4 of sleep. During a period of good sleep, the individual is most relaxed and has an even breathing pattern of about 20 breaths per minute.
Consequences of poor sleep
A poor sleep is characterized by an inability to drift into stages 3 and 4 of sleep, heightened your muscular system and several sleeping disturbances like limb movements during sleep, snoring, fast saccadic movements of the eye, and the tendency to awaken from sleep.
People who are unable to sleep through a significant duration of time suffer from various physiological and psychological disturbances. Poor sleeping pattern leads to fatigue, feeling of restlessness, drowsiness, poor fine motor control’ and several other problems that can hamper his daily life.
Good sleep also works wonder on a person’s emotional well being and helps to maintain a balance in his life. Proper sleeping pattern is found to increase a person’s endorphin levels, hence a person who sleeps well feels happier compared to a person who does not.
One factor that affect the quality of our sleep is the mattress that we use. Some mattress manufacturers use materials that will help us attain a good night sleep.